Winter motoring requires special care and a little preparation if you're to avoid a breakdown or accident. Here are a few simple tips to help drivers make their journeys as safe as possible during the cold weather.
1. Check Your Vehicle:
- Has been maintained/serviced and you have a good battery. Your battery has to work much harder in the winter (working lights and wipers for example) and can fail completely with hardly any warning.
- Tyres have a good tread depth and are inflated correctly (including the spare).
- Cooling system contains antifreeze at the correct strength.
- Windscreen wipers and washers are working properly – in cold temperatures use high strength screen-wash.
- Lights are clean and working.
2. Check Weather conditions:
- Check local and national TV and radio for travel and weather information.
- See that all your vehicle windows, mirrors and lights are clear from mist, frost and snow. Snow and ice reduce what you can see, and can be dangerous to other road users as it falls off your vehicle.
3. In extreme weather conditions such as falling snow:
- Ask yourself is my journey essential?
- Check you have a full tank of fuel.
- Let someone know your destination and your expected time of arrival.
- Take a mobile phone if you have one, but remember you could break down in a ‘dead area’, so take warm high visibility clothing, hot drinks, food, boots, a torch and shovel as well – it could be a long walk to a phone.
4. If you are out on the roads in poor conditions:
- Use the main roads which have been salted as much as possible – check the council website for more information.
- Allow extra time for your journey.
- Avoid rush hour to reduce congestion.
5. Generally, when driving in wintry weather:
- Drive according to the conditions – on treated and untreated roads.
- Reduce speed in poor visibility, where there is snow, or if ice may have formed.
- Use the highest gear possible to help keep control of the vehicle and avoid harsh braking and acceleration.
- Maintain larger safer stopping distances. A wet road surface means you’ll take twice as long to stop, so you need to be at least four seconds behind the vehicle in front.
- Use dipped headlights in poor visibility and snow, so others can see you.
- Use rear fog lights in poor visibility but remember to switch them off when conditions improve.
- Watch out for other road users, including bicycles, motorbikes, pedestrians and children, who may also be having difficulties in the conditions.
- Isolated patches and certain gradients of road surface will remain icy when the other parts have thawed - you need to be on the lookout for these areas.
6. If you do break down:
- If you get into trouble, stay with your vehicle if possible, until help arrives.
- If you do have to leave your vehicle, make yourself visible to others.
- If you have to abandon your vehicle, give local police the details and park safely to avoid obstruction to maintenance vehicles such as snow ploughs when they are trying to treat the roads.
7. Advice for particular weather conditions:
- Fog is especially a danger in autumn and winter, and is a major cause of collisions.
- Slow down, keep your distance, and turn your lights on in fog.
- Drive very slowly using dipped headlights. Use fog lights if visibility is seriously reduced, but remember to switch them off when visibility improves.
- Don’t hang on the tail lights of the vehicle in front – this gives you a false sense of security and means you may be driving too close.
- Don’t speed up suddenly – even if it seems to be clearing, you can suddenly find yourself back in thick fog.
Ice, snow and slush
- Ice, snow and slush drastically reduce the ability of your tyres to grip the road, which means that slowing down, speeding up, or changing direction all become hazardous. The trick to driving in these conditions is to be as smooth as possible.
- Drive slowly, allowing extra room to slow down and stop.
- It can take ten times longer to stop in icy conditions than on a dry road.
- Use the highest gear possible to avoid wheel spin, manoeuvre gently, and avoid harsh braking and acceleration.
- To brake on ice and snow without locking your wheels, get into a low gear earlier than normal, allow your speed to fall and use the brake pedal gently.
- If you skid, ease off the accelerator but do not brake suddenly.
- It is better to avoid skidding rather than hope you can control a skid when it happens.
It is best not to enter floodwater at all – if you can take an alternative route, do so.
If you enter floodwater:
- Drive slowly in first gear, but keep the engine speed high by slipping the clutch – this will stop you from stalling.
- Go through the water one vehicle at a time.
- Avoid the deepest water, which is generally near the kerb. Don’t attempt to cross if the water seems too deep – Watch others.
- Remember - test your brakes a few times after you are through the flood before you drive at normal speed.
Source – Interactive Driving Systems